Diabetes is a condition in which the body becomes resistant to the insulin produced by the pancreas and cannot manage the blood glucose levels. Treatment varies based on the severity of the condition, healthy diet, exercise, oral medications and in extreme cases, insulin injections. It can be delayed or prevented through a healthy lifestyle. It is generally hereditary, but unhealthy lifestyle can also cause Type II diabetes. The project was about understanding the needs of Type - II diabetics and finding opportunities for design intervention. By conducting interviews with 2 experts and 12 diabetics, the following problems were identified, and regular monitoring of blood-glucose levels was chosen as the area of intervention.
YOS is a blood glucose monitoring kiosk to be installed in semi-public spaces like offices, educational institutes and residential societies. It makes the process of monitoring easy, convenient, safe and economical. A simple form incorporating the blue circle of diabetes was chosen to spread more awareness about diabetes and create recognition through the symbol .
Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels is essential for controlling diabetes. The majority of Type 2 diabetics tend to have a mild to moderate condition. They usually don’t have a glucometer as monitoring needs to be bi-weekly, monthly or quarterly depending on severity and the test strips that come with the glucometer expire before they can be utilized. The inference from the user study was that most such diabetics are very irregular with their monitoring and often forget their scheduled tests.
Since the device will be installed in public spaces, using needles for lancing could have hygiene issues. The YOS kiosk uses a laser beam to prick the user’s finger for blood sample collection. This method is painless and can have different power settings to function on different skin types of varying thicknesses. A disposable lens cover is used to cover the laser opening for hygiene.
A packet containing a test strip, lens cover and cotton pad to clean the fingertip is dispensed by the kiosk. The kiosk has to be refilled with packets daily and used consumables have to be disposed off as medical waste.
Pay-per-use : A 5-digit code is required to use the kiosk. The code can be purchased for Rs. 20 at a pharmacy, clinic or local shops (like mobile phone recharge cards), or via SMS or direct payment at the kiosk through credit/debit card. Prepaid card : A loyalty card can be bought at a pharmacy or at a doctor’s clinic valid for 5 or 10 tests. Smartphone app : A smartphone app can be used to carry out the payments and maintain the users data.